Run this command and youll get a lot of output.
The Log File Viewer displays a number of logs by default, including your system log (syslog package manager log (dpkg.Log Again, the -n switch gives you control over how many lines it displays: tail -n 20 example.We can see the whole file by typing: less /etc/group root:x:0: daemon:x:1: bin:x:2: sys:x:3: adm:x:4: tty:x:5: disk:x:6.Echoing for darkness shows the stars epub Messages to syslogd With Logger A neat utility exists in orange is the new black season 2 episode 4 the logger tool, which allows one to place messages into the System Log (i.e.Like the dmesg command above, this will produce a large amount of output.This information is provided by accessing the " /etc/log/lastlog " file.You probably recognize "root" as the administrative user.X11 Server Log, the default X11 Windowing Server in use with Ubuntu is the Xorg X11 server, and assuming your computer has only one display defined, it stores log messages in the file /var/log/Xorg.0.log.Ubuntu includes a number of ways of viewing these logs, either graphically or from the command-line.The daemon log at /var/log/daemon.The action field consists of a target for the log information, such as a standard log file (i.e.
This is part of a configuration scheme called " user private groups or UPG.
Examples include authorization mechanisms, system daemons, system messages, and the all-encompassing system log itself, syslog.
The Server Message Block Protocol (SMB) server, Samba is popularly used for sharing files between your Ubuntu computer and other computers which support the SMB protocol.The corresponding file for discovering system groups is " /etc/group ".Login Failures Log The login failures log located at /var/log/faillog is actually designed to be parsed and displayed by the faillog command.As you can see, in the first and third line, it shows that the user is still logged into the system.User private groups create a private group for each user and set that group as the primary group.Each is an independent username.